1. FLOW INJECTION
1.1.1.      INTRODUCTION. Continuous and Programmed Flow Injection
1.2.1.      FI Fluidics. Mixing by Dispersion. Residence Time
1.2.16.    Key Variables for Optimization of  Continuous Flow Injection.
1.2.17.    Examples of cFI Based Assays: Nitrite,  Phosphate and Nitrate.
1.2.20.    Performance of Continuous Flow Based Assays
1.2.21.     Programmable Flow Injection: Forward and Reversed Flow
1.2.22.     Examples: Phosphate and Ammonia in Forward pFI Format.
1.2.24.     pFI; Reversed Flow in Lab-on-valve Format
1.2.26.     pFI: Stop Flow in Holding Coil and in Flowcell.
1.2.27.     Optimization of pFI in LOV Format.
1.2.32.     Examples: Nitrite, phosphate, nitrate, glucose in pFI-LOV format.
1.2.41.     Programmable pFI-LOV. The Instrument
1.2.42.     SUMMARY: Advantages of flow programming

1.3.0.       METHODS  and APPLICATIONS
1.3.5.       Stirred Chamber Titrations
1.3.7.       Digestion and Dissolution
1.3.9.       Flow Based Separations
1.3.10.     Sorbent Extraction for Trace Analysis
1.3.14.A. Sorbent Extraction in Programmable Flow Injection Format
1.3.15.    Gas Diffusion and Dialysis
1.3.16.    Hydride Generation for Atomic Absorption and ICP
1.3.18.    Atomic Absorption and ICP
1.3.19.    Solvent Extraction
1.4.0.      INSTRUMENTS
1.4.2.      Conventional cFI Instruments
1.4.3.     Miniaturized pFI Instrument.

1.4.5.     COMPONENTS
1.4.7.     Pumps
1.4.10.   Optical Flowcells.
1.4.11.   Long light path flow cells
1.4.15.   Light Sources and Detectors

1.5.0.     pFI  - TOOL FOR RESEARCH AND TEACHING
1.5.1.    Flow injection in equilibrium and batch format.
1.5.3.    Determination of molar extinction coefficient of bromothymol blue
1.5.4.    Determination of molar extinction coefficient of Fe(II) ferrozine
1.5.5.   Determination of dissociation constant of bromothymol blue

1.5.7.      PMoB METHOD:  WHAT WE KNOW AND DO NOT KNOW
1.5.9.      Flow Programming and data collection
1.5.10.    [H+] diagrams: acidity and molybdate concentrations
1.5.13.    Molar absorptivity of PMoB and  [H+] diagrams
1.5.14.    How to optimize the PMoB assay
1.5.15.    SUMMARY

1.6.1.   CONCLUSION
1.6.2.   REFERENCES